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AI-Related Tech Jargons You Need To Learn Right Now

AI-Related Tech Jargons You Need To Learn Right Now

As artificial intelligence gains momentum and becomes more intricate in nature, technological jargons may turn unfamiliar to you. Evolving technologies give birth to a smorgasbord of new terminologies. In this article, we have tried to compile a few of such important terms that are related to AI. Learn, assimilate and flaunt them in your next meeting.

Artificial Neuron Networks – Not just an algorithm, Artificial Neuron Networks is a framework containing different machine learning algorithms that work together and analyzes complex data inputs.

Backpropagation – It refers to a process in artificial neural networks used to discipline deep neural networks. It is widely used to calculate a gradient that is required in calculating weights found across the network.

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Bayesian Programming – Revolving around the Bayes’ Theorem, Bayesian Programming declares the probability of something happening in the future based on past conditions relating to the event.

Analogical Reasoning – Generally, the term analogical indicates non-digital data but when in terms of AI, Analogical Reasoning is the method of drawing conclusions studying the past outcomes. It’s quite similar to stock markets.

Data Mining – It refers to the process of identifying patterns from fairly large data sets with the help statistics, machine learning and database systems in combination.

Decision Tree LearningUsing a decision tree, you can move seamlessly from observing an item to drawing conclusions about the item’s target value. The decision tree is represented as a predictive model, the observation as the branches and the conclusion as the leaves.

Behavior Informatics (BI) – It is of extreme importance as it helps obtain behavior intelligence and insights.

Case-based Reasoning (CBR) – Generally speaking, it defines the process of solving newer challenges based on solutions that worked for similar past issues.

Feature Extraction – In machine learning, image processing and pattern recognition plays a dominant role. Feature Extraction begins from a preliminary set of measured data and ends up building derived values that intend to be non-redundant and informative – leading to improved subsequent learning and even better human interpretations.

Forward Chaining – Also known as forward reasoning, Forward Chaining is one of two main methods of reasoning while leveraging an inference engine. It is a widely popular implementation strategy best suited for business and production rule systems. Backward Chaining is the exact opposite of Forwarding Chaining.

Genetic Algorithm (GA) – Inspired by the method of natural selection, Genetic Algorithm (GA) is mainly used to devise advanced solutions to optimization and search challenges. It works by depending on bio-inspired operators like crossover, mutation and selection.

Pattern Recognition – Largely dependent on machine learning and artificial intelligence, Pattern Recognition also involves applications, such as Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) and Data Mining.

Reinforcement Learning (RL) – Next to Supervised Learning and Unsupervised Learning, Reinforcement Learning is another machine learning paradigms. It’s reckoned as a subset of ML that deals with how software experts should take actions in circumstances so as to maximize notions of cumulative reward.

Looking for artificial intelligence certification in Delhi NCR? DexLab Analytics is a premier big data training institute that offers in-demand skill training courses to interested candidates. For more information, drop by our official website.

The article first appeared on— www.analyticsindiamag.com/25-ai-terminologies-jargons-you-must-assimilate-to-sound-like-a-pro

 

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Decoding the Equation of AI, Machine Learning and Python

Decoding the Equation of AI, Machine Learning and Python

AI is an absolute delight. Not only is it considered one of the most advanced fields in the present computer science realm but also AI is a profit-spinning tool leveraged across diverse industry verticals.

In the past few years, Python also seems to be garnering enough fame and popularity. Ideal for web application development, process automation, web scripting, this wonder tool is a very potent programming language in the world. But, what makes it so special?

Owing to ease of scalability, learning and adaptability of Python, this advanced interpreted programming language is the fastest growing global language. Plus, its ever-evolving libraries aid it in becoming a popular choice for projects, like mobile app, data science, web app, IoT, AI and many others.

Python, Machine Learning, AI: Their Equation

Be it startups, MNCs or government organizations, Python seem to be winning every sector. It provides a wide array of benefits without limiting itself to just one activity – its popularity lies in its ability to combine some of the most complex processes, including machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science and natural language processing.

Deep learning can be explained as a subset of a wider arena of machine learning. From the name itself you can fathom that deep learning is an advanced version of machine learning where intelligence is being harnessed by a machine generating an optimal or sub-optimal solution.

Combining Python and AI

Lesser Coding

AI is mostly about algorithms, while Python is perfect for developers who are into testing. In fact, it supports writing and execution of codes. Hence, when you fuse Python and AI, you drastically reduce the amount of coding, which is great in all respects.

Encompassing Libraries

Python is full of libraries, subject to the on-going project. For an instance, you can use Numpy if you are into scientific computation – for advanced computing, you have put your bet on SciPy – whereas, for machine learning, PyBrain is the best answer.

A Host of Resources

Entirely open source powered by a versatile community, Python provides incredible support to developers who want to learn fast and work faster. The huge community of web developers are active worldwide and willing to offer help at any stage of the development cycle.

Better Flexibility

Python is versatile. It can be used for a variety of purposes, right from OOPs approach to scripting. Also, it performs as a quintessential back-end and successfully links different data structures with one another.

Perfect for Today’s Millennial

Thanks to its flexibility and versatility, Python is widely popular amongst the millennials. You might be surprised to hear that it is fairly easier to find out Python developers than finding out Prolog or LISP programmers, especially in some countries. Encompassing libraries and great community support helps Python become the hottest programming language of the 21st century.

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Some of the most popular Python libraries for AI are:

  • AIMA
  • pyDatalog
  • SimpleAI
  • EasyAI

Want to ace problem-solving skills and accomplish project goals, Machine Learning Using Python is a sure bet. With DexLab Analytics, a recognized Python Training Center in Gurgaon, you can easily learn the fundamentals and advance sections of Python programming language and score goals of success.

 

The blog has been sourced from ― www.information-age.com/ai-machine-learning-python-123477066

 


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AI in Cyber Security: Knowing the Difference between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

AI in Cyber Security: Knowing the Difference between Machine Learning and Deep Learning

The need of the hour in business world is continuous innovation in the field of cyber security. Security vendors constantly brainstorm ideas and methods that’ll keep them ahead of cybercriminals. The gravity of the problem can be understood from a report by Sophos which mentions that almost 50% of Australian businesses were affected by ransomware attacks in 2017.

To keep functioning amidst such threats, businesses require innovative technologies, and artificial intelligence is one such tool that has become vital for cyber security.

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Artificial Intelligence

AI is a trendy term now, thanks to blockbuster Bollywood movies made on AI!

AI is an all-embracing principle that includes a number of technologies─ machine learning and deep learning being important ones among them. Basically, artificial intelligence enables machines to learn on their own from experience, modify techniques when fed with new data sets and carry out tasks that are human-like. When the principles of AI are applied to cyber security, we call it predictive security. AI helps to identify and check if files contain malware, which is carried out with the help of machine learning as well as deep learning. Although these two branches use similar AI principles, the two fields are fundamentally very different.

Moving on, let’s explore their basic differences.

Machine Learning

Machine learning is an artificial system that learns from examples and generates knowledge from past experiences. ML technology doesn’t simply memorize examples; rather it picks up laws and patterns and applies it later where relevant.

Considering today’s advanced threat landscape, conventional approaches fail to offer strong protection to a system. Malware programs are sometimes designed to make slight changes and breach traditional systems. In such situations, machine learning can be a better security option as it can detect these unknown and modified malwares too.

An important advantage of machine learning is that it keeps evolving and improving as it is used more and fed with more data. Machine learning algorithms scrutinize file elements in order to comprehend the nature of attacks, which includes simple things like file size as well as complex things like part of codes.

Deep Learning

The benefits of employing machine learning techniques in cyber security are numerous. However, it has some drawbacks too, which can be overcome with deep learning. The main limitations of ML are its inability to handle many variables at once, requirement of huge computing powers and using up a lot of space. In deep learning, unstructured data is stored in neural networks and decisions are made using predictive reasoning, which is modeled on the workings of human brain. This structure has potential to manage numerous points of information without hampering speed of the system.

Deep learning can form better idea of the big picture because it doesn’t include programs designed to solve a particular problem, rather it includes mathematical models that learn over time. A model is developed such that it can explain well what it ‘’sees’’. For this, large amount of data is used, such as trends, malicious URLs and other modes of attacks.

Cyber attackers need to be correct in their methods only once in order to breach an enterprise. On top of that, security threats are becoming more innovative each day. Hence, technologies like deep learning and machine learning need to be the founding stones of modern security systems. Understandably, these skills are also very high in demand. Artificial Intelligence certification courses are hugely popular. If this subject interests you, then don’t delay in enrolling for deep learning courses in Delhi or machine learning courses in Gurgaon from leading institute DexLab Analytics.

 
Reference: www.cso.com.au/article/648861/artificial-intelligence-vs-machine-learning-vs-deep-learning-what-difference
 

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A Success Story: Evolution of India’s Startup Ecosystem in 2018

A Success Story: Evolution of India’s Startup Ecosystem in 2018

India’s startup ecosystem is gaining accolades. Steering away from the conventional, India’s young generation is pursuing the virgin path of entrepreneurship by ditching lucrative job offers from MNCs and government undertakings – the entire industry is witnessing an explosion of cutting-edge startups addressing real problems, framing solutions and satisfying mass level.

Interestingly, 2018 has been the year of success for Indian startups or entrepreneurs venturing into the promising unknown. Why? In total, 8 Indian startups, namely Oyo, Zomato, Paytm Mall, Udaan, Swiggy, Freshworks, Policybazaar and Byju’s crossed the $1 billion net worth mark this year and joined the raft of most-revered 18 Indian unicorns.

Besides attracting investments from domestic venture capitalists, these startups are bathed in global investments – foreign investors pumped in vast amounts on our homegrown startups to capitalize their activities. Thanks to their generosity, India proudly ranks as the 3rd largest startup ecosystem in the world, next to the United Nations and United Kingdom with its 7, 700 tech startups.

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Nevertheless, our phenomenal startup ecosystem has some grey areas too, which are addressed below:

Startup Initiatives

No doubt, the Indian government is taking conscious efforts to support the startup culture in the country, and for that Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has initiated the Startup India Programme. It is a noble step towards ensuring continuous creation and smooth functioning of fresh startups in India with technology in tow.

Thanks to technology, startups growth seemed to be 50% more dynamic this year!

Fund Generation

As compared to struggling years of 2017 and before, 2018 has been the year of driving investments. India experienced a 108% growth in total funding process, a big jump from $2 billion to $4.2 billion. Though investments at later stages skyrocketed, a decline was witnessed in the early stages during funding companies.

“In terms of overall funding, it is a good story. However, we are seeing a continuous decline in seed stage funding of startup companies. If you fall at the seed stage, innovation is hit. It is the area, which needs protection,” shared NASSCOM president Debjani Ghosh, which remains a matter of concern.

Employment Opportunities

Of course, the new startups push job creation numbers. It enhances the employment opportunities. Of late, NASSCOM reported that the epic growth in startup ecosystem resulted in creation of more than 40000 new direct jobs, while indirect jobs soared manifold. Today, the total strength of Indian startup landscape stands at 1.7 Lakh.

In the wake of powerful female voices and gender-neutral campaigns, our domestic startup ecosystem witnessed how women employees called the shots. The numbers of women employees spiked to 14% from 10% and 11% in the last two years, consecutively.

Global Position

Globally, India ranks as the 3rd biggest startup ecosystem in the world, and Bengaluru is the kernel of tech revolution. A report mentioned India’s significance in recording the highest number of startup set ups after Silicon Valley and London across the globe.

Quite interestingly, 40% of startups are launched in Tier 2 and 3 cities, indicating a steady rise of startup culture outside prime cities like Mumbai, Bengaluru and Delhi NCR.

With technology and startup leading the show, it’s high time you expand your in-demand skills of machine learning and data analytics. How? Opt for a good Machine Learning Course in India. It’s a surefire way to learn the basics and hone already learnt skills. For more information on Machine Learning Using Python, drop by DexLab Analytics!

 
The blog has been sourced from ― www.entrepreneur.com/article/322409
 

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Facebook and Google Have Teamed Up to Expand the Horizons of Artificial Intelligence

Facebook and Google Have Teamed Up to Expand the Horizons of Artificial Intelligence

Tech unicorns, Google and Facebook have joined hands to enhance AI experience, and take it to the next level.

Last week, the two companies revealed that quite a number of engineers are working to sync Facebook’s open source machine learning PyTorch framework with Google’s TPU, or dubbed Tensor Processing Units – the collaboration is one of its kind, and a first time where technology rivals are working on a joint project in technology.

“Today, we’re pleased to announce that engineers on Google’s TPU team are actively collaborating with core PyTorch developers to connect PyTorch to Cloud TPUs,” said Rajen Sheth, Google Cloud director of product management. “The long-term goal is to enable everyone to enjoy the simplicity and flexibility of PyTorch while benefiting from the performance, scalability, and cost-efficiency of Cloud TPUs.”

Joseph Spisak, Facebook product manager for AI added, “Engineers on Google’s Cloud TPU team are in active collaboration with our PyTorch team to enable support for PyTorch 1.0 models on this custom hardware.”

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2016 was the year when Google first introduced its TPU to the world at the Annual Developer Conference – that year itself the search engine giant pitched the technology to different companies and researchers to support their advanced machine-learning software projects. Since then, Google has been selling access to its TPUs through its cloud computing business instead of going the conventional way of selling chips personally to customers, like Nvidia.

Over the years, AI technology, like Deep Learning have been widening its scopes and capabilities in association with tech bigwigs like Facebook and Google that have been using the robust technology to develop software applications that automatically perform intricate tasks, such as recognizing images in photos.

Since more and more companies are exploring the budding ML domain for years now, they are able to build their own AI software frameworks, mostly the coding tools that are intended to develop customized machine-learning powered software easily and effectively. Also, these companies are heard to offer incredible AI frameworks for free in open source models – the reason behind such an initiative is to popularize them amongst the coders.

For the last couple of years, Google has been on a drive to develop its TPUs to get the best with TensorFlow. Moreover, the initiative of Google to work with Facebook’s PyTorch indicates its willingness to support more than just its own AI framework. “Data scientists and machine learning engineers have a wide variety of open source tools to choose from today when it comes to developing intelligent systems,” shared Blair Hanley Frank, Principal Analyst, Information Services Group. “This announcement is a critical step to help ensure more people have access to the best hardware and software capabilities to create AI models.”

Besides Facebook and Google, Amazon and Microsoft are also expanding their AI investment through its PyTorch software.

DexLab Analytics offers top of the line machine learning training course for data enthusiasts. Their cutting edge course module on machine learning certification is one of the best in the industry – go check out their offer now!

 
The blog has been sourced from — www.dexlabanalytics.com/blog/streaming-huge-amount-of-data-with-the-best-ever-algorithm
 

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Best Machine Learning Questions to Crack the Toughest Job Interview

Best Machine Learning Questions to Crack the Toughest Job Interview

The robust growth of artificial intelligence has ignited a buzz of activities along the scientific community. Why not? AI has no many dimensions – including Machine Learning. Machine Learning is a dynamic field of IT– where, one gets access to data and learn from that data, resulting into massive breakthroughs in the field of marketing, fraud detection, healthcare, data security, etc.

Day by day, companies are recognizing the potentials of Machine Learning. This is why investment in this notable field is spiking up as much as the demand for skilled professionals. Machine Learning jobs are found topping the list of emerging jobs displayed on LinkedIn – the median salary of a ML professional is $106,225, which pretty much suffices for a well-paying career option.

Importantly, we’ve picked out 5 best interview questions about Machine Learning that’ll optimize your chances of getting hired. Known to all, though ML skill is in high demand, grabbing a job in this booming field of technology is no mean feat. Employers seek particular knowledge and expertise in this field to get you hired. Our 5 best interview questions will help you expand your knowledge base on ML and hone your skills ahead of time.

You can also check out our Machine Learning training course – it comprises of industry-standard course material, real life use cases and encompassing curriculum.

What is Machine Learning?

While you define the exact meaning of the term, make sure you convey your good grip over the nuanced concepts of machine learning, and its real life applications. Put simply, you must show the interviewers how well versed you are in AI and machine learning skills.

What is the difference between deductive and inductive Machine Learning?

Deductive ML begins with a conclusion, and then proceeds towards making deductions about that conclusion. Inductive ML starts from examples and ends with drawing conclusions.

How to choose an algorithm for a particular classification problem?

The answer here is subject to the degree of accuracy and the size of the training set. For a tiny training set, low variance/high bias classifier will work, and vice versa.

Name some methods of reducing dimensionality

Integrate features with feature engineering, eliminating collinear features, or use algorithmic dimensionality reduction – these procedures can definitely reduce dimensionality.

What makes classification and regression differ?

For definite answers, classification is far better a tool. It predicts class or group membership. On the other hand, regression entails prediction of a response.

What does a Kernel SVM mean?

Kernel SVM is the short form of Kernel Support Vector Machine. Kernel methods are basically a specific class of algorithms used for patter analysis and amongst them the most popular one is the Kernel SVM.

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What do you mean by a recommendation system?

Recommendation system is a common feature for those who have worked on Spotify or shopped at Amazon. It’s an information filtering system that forecasts what a user wants to hear or see, structured on the choice patterns given by the user.

No second thoughts, these interview questions will set you on the right track to crack an interview – but, if you want to gain a deeper understanding on Machine Learning or AI, obtain Machine Learning training Gurgaon from the experts at DexLab Analytics.

 
The blog has been sourced from —

https://www.simplilearn.com/machine-learning-interview-questions-and-answers-article


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DexLab Analytics Partnered With DU for Vishleshan’18

DexLab Analytics Partnered With DU for Visheshan’18

DexLab Analytics in association with Department of Business Economics, Delhi University proudly presented Vishleshan’18, an analytics conclave to nurture budding talent pool. Each year, Delhi University organizes an annual competition, where in data enthusiasts get an opportunity to showcase their analytical capabilities and complex problem-solving skills. This year, DexLab Analytics shared the platform with the esteemed institutional body under DU – and we can’t feel more obliged!

Our sincere gratitude and good wishes rests with the Department of Business Economics, University of Delhi; they recognized our efforts towards the data analytics community and shared interest in collaborating with us, which was indeed an honorable moment for us.

Now, coming to the event details, Analytics Conclave – Vishleshan’18 was segregated into two rounds. The first round also known as the elimination round comprised of an online quiz session, candidates were required candidates to be well-versed in all verticals of analytics. The second round was a lot more challenging, because here selected teams were allotted a case study each. In this round, DexLab Analytics played a crucial role – the seasoned consultants actively participated in structuring these all-encompassing case studies.

The case studies were all in sync with this year’s theme ‘AI and Machine Learning: Transforming Decision Making’, which means bagging the winner title was no mean feat. Various teams, all from notable institutes and in accordance to eligibility criteria (only post-graduates or MBA students allowed) participated in the contest. Out of them, only 5 teams were finally selected to present their case studies in front of a distinguished panel of judges at the DU campus on 8th September 2018.

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are driving the technology realm. Not only are they the pioneers of effective decision-making processes but also engines of faster and cheaper predictions for all big and small companies. Next to the US, India is deemed to be biggest hub of artificial intelligence, thus it’s time for prestigious Indian educational institutes, like Delhi University to start training the bright young minds for the next big boom of AI and machine learning. And that’s exactly what they were found doing.

However, as it’s said, teamwork divides the task and multiplies the success – the organizers of Vishleshan’18 approached DexLab Analytics, a leading data analytics training institute in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR. Together, they believed they would better analyze the data acumen of the participants and foster a symbiotic association for more knowledge sharing in the future.

Perhaps, not surprisingly, DexLab Analytics has created a place of its own, in the niche analytics industry. Comprehensive in-demand skill training courses are crafted keeping in mind the students’ requirements and industry demands. Moreover, the consultants who bring in considerable domain experience in the related field are all experienced and loaded with expertise. Together with you, this institute can be considered as a center of excellence in the big data analytics domain!

 

For a more detailed report, click the link below:

www.prlog.org/12728482-dexlab-analytics-is-case-study-partner-for-analytics-conclave-vishleshan-18.html  

 

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How Machine Learning and AI is Influencing Logistics, Supply Chain & Transportation Management

How Machine Learning and AI is Influencing Logistics, Supply Chain & Transportation Management

More than 65% of top transportation professionals agree that logistics and supply chain management is in the midst of a revolution – a period of incremental transformation. And, the most potent drivers of change are none other than machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Top notch companies are already found leveraging the tools of artificial intelligence and machine learning for fine-tuning its superior strategies, including warehouse location scouting and enhancing real-time decision-making. Though these advanced technologies nurture large chunks of data, the logistic industry has for long been hoarding piles of data. Today, the difference lies in the gargantuan volume of data, as well as the existence of powerful algorithms to inspect, evaluate and trigger the process of understanding and its respective action.

Below, we will understand how AI streamlines logistics and transportation functionalities, influencing profitability and client satisfaction. Day by day, more companies are fusing Artificial Intelligence with Internet of Things to administer logistics, inventory and suppliers, backed by a certain amount of precision and acumen. Let’s delve deeper!

Predictive Maintenance

AI-powered Sensors monitor operational conditions of machines; thus can detect discrepancies even before the scheduled machine servicing based on manufacturer’s recommendation. Then they alert the technicians prior to any potential equipment failure or service disorientation. Thanks to real-time wear and tear!

For Machine Learning training course, drop by DexLab Analytics

Shipping Efficiency

Powerful algorithms are constantly used to tackle last minute developments, including picking the best alternate port in case the main port is non-operational or something like that, planning beforehand if the main carrier cancels a booking and even gauging times-of arrival.

Machine Learning capabilities are also put to use for estimating the influence of extreme weather conditions on shipping schedules. Location specific weather forecasts are integral to calculate potential delays in shipments.

Warehouse Management

Machine learning has the ability to determine inventory and dictate patterns. It ascertains the items which are selling and are to be restocked on a priority basis, and items which need sound remarketing strategy.

Voice recognition is a key tool that uses AI to ensure efficiency and accuracy through successful Warehouse Management System – a robotic voice coming out of a headset says which item to pick and from where, enabling a fast process of warehousing and dispatching of goods.

Once, the worker founds the item, he/she reads out the number labeled on them, which the system then tallies with its own processed data list through speech recognition and then confirms the picked item for the next step.  The more the system is put to use, the more trained it gets. Over time, the system learns the workers’ tone and speech patterns, resulting into better efficiency and faster work process.

Delivery

 A majority of shipping companies are competing with each other to have the most robust and efficient delivery service, because delivery is the final leg of a logistic journey. And it’s vitally important – predictive analytics is used to constantly maneuver driver routes, and plan and re-plan delivery schedules.

DHL invests on semi-autonomous vehicles that drive independently without human intervention carrying deliverables to people across urban communities. Another company, Starship Technologies, founded by the co-founders of Skype employs six-wheeled robots across London packed with hi-tech cameras and GPS. The robots are stuffed with cutting edge technology, but are controlled by humans so that they can take charge as and when required minimizing any negative outcomes.

Overall, artificial intelligence and machine learning has started augmenting human role for efficient logistics and transportation management. With all the recent developments in the technology sphere, it’s only a matter of time until AI becomes a necessary management part of supply chain.

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And of course all this excites us to the core! If you are excited too, then please check out our brand new Machine Learning Using Python training courses. We combine theoretical knowledge merged with practical expertise to ensure students get nothing but the best!

The blog has been sourced from:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/insights-penske/2018/09/04/how-artificial-intelligence-and-machine-learning-are-revolutionizing-logistics-supply-chain-and-transportation/#eb663dd58f5d
https://aibusiness.com/streamline-supply-chain-ai
 


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How Machine Learning is Driving Out DDoS, The Latest Hazard in Cyber Security

How Machine Learning is Driving Out DDoS, The Latest Hazard in Cyber Security

It is common knowledge that the computer world is under constant threat of security breaches. Furthermore, cyber attacks are becoming more dangerous by the day. Over three trillion dollars are wasted every year owing to cyber crimes. And this huge wastage of money is likely to double by 2021. In a time where the number of internet users is increasing exponentially, it seems surreal to expect that threats can be completely eradicated.

Among a plethora of threats, the most infamous one is DDoS, which stands for distributed denial of service attack. In this malicious form of attack, normal traffic for the targeted server, network or service is disrupted by flooding it and its neighboring infrastructure with tremendous internet traffic. This new evil in cyber security has wreaked havoc with business processes.

The tech ecosystem is becoming increasingly dominated by machine learning. ML techniques provide a new approach to eradicate DDoS attacks. In this blog, we discuss a newly researched ML technique that helps restrain DDoS attacks.

SIP and VoIP

A team of researchers from University of Aegean, Greece, headed by Z Tsiatsikas, has published a study about tackling DDoS with machine learning in SIP-based VoIP systems. The popularity of VoIP systems in hardware ecosystems is the primary reason for choosing it for this study. In this age of internet, VoIP is the common choice for voice as well as multimedia communications.

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is the preference for initiating VoIP sessions. The basic structure of SIP/VoIP architecture has been described below:

User Agent (UA): This represents the endpoints of SIP, which are active units of the session. For example, in the case of voice communication, the caller and receiver represent endpoints for the session.

SIP Proxy Server: This entity acts both as client and server during the session. The tasks of the server are:

  • Maintaining send and receive requests
  • Transferring information between users

Registrar: Authentication processes and requests to register for UA are managed by this entity.

The VoIP provider keeps a record of the SIP communication. This is an important step as it gives out information to service providers regarding billing and accounting based activities of users. In addition to this essential data, it may also give out data about intrusion or dubious activities happening in a network. Hence, it is very important to monitor this area. If neglected, it may turn into a hotbed for DDoS attacks.

Combining ML Methods in VoIP

The researchers have employed these five standard ML algorithms in experiments:

  • Sequential minimal optimization
  • Neural networks
  • Naïve Bayes
  • Random Forest
  • Decision trees

In the experiment, communications are taken care of through these algorithms. The network is made anonymous using HMAC (keyed-hash method authentication code) and classification features are created. These algorithms are tested using 15 different DDoS attack situations. This is done using a ‘test bed’ of DDoS simulations. The design, as done by researchers, is shown below:

Image source: Analytics India

Following are some of the parameters of the experiment:

  • 3 to 4 types of Virtual Machines (VMs) have been used for SIP proxy, legitimate users, and for generating attack traffic based on the scenario.
  • Particularly for SIP proxy, popular VoIP server Kamailo (kam, 2014) has been employed.
  • sipp v.3.21 and sipsak2 tools have been employed to simulate patterns for legitimate and DoS attack traffic.
  • For simulation of DDoS attack, SIPpDD tool has also been used
  • Weka tool has been used for machine learning analysis.

Performance

Compared to non-ML detection, these algorithms perform well. Speaking from an intrusion detection viewpoint, Random Forest and decision trees work best. With the rise in attack traffic, there’s drop in the rate of intrusion detection, which signifies the presence of DDoS.

To conclude, it can be said that machine learning surpass traditional methods of detecting attacks. This latest development in cyber security is another example of the rapid progress that machine learning is bringing into every field.

Interested in joining machine learning courses in Delhi? Wait not. Contact DexLab Analytics Right Now and get yourself enrolled for the best machine learning training in Delhi.

 

This article has been sourced from: www.analyticsindiamag.com/machine-learning-chasing-out-ddos-cyber-security

 

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